Wednesday, December 31, 2008


  • 16:37 A new year to awake all senses, hopes and desires. A 2009 to reinvent and live. A year of love, peace and compassion...possible? Dare to ...
  • 16:37 clear; 'this will be a lovely year.' I wish you the 2009 of your dreams, happy new year/ .Lenin

New year 2009 to rule of law and people's democracy

2009:A Year for Rule of Law and People's Democracy

Where on one hand Communal Facism,corruption and state as well as non-state terror in absolute collapse the rule of law in most of the countries along with India , on the other hand the people are dying from starvation. Whether it is attack over tribals and dalit in Kandhmal or terrorist attack in Mumbai, all are challanging the rule of law completely or proving the absence of rule of law. These situations are caused by the alliance of corruption, harrassment,organized violance and police torture.

In these circumstances the new year 2009 should be dedicated to enforce rule of law and to strengthen people's democracy. The human right of people can not be protected untill the people are not included in power of State by abolishing the curruption, harrassment,organized violance and police totrure through establishment of rule of law and peoples' centric democracy and till then we would not be able to encounter terrorism.

Come let us take oath to dedicate this new year 2009 to rule of law and people's democracy and also show our commitment to continue struggle for people's democracy and rule of law in whole of the year.

with best wishes for New Year 2009.

PVCHR core group and core team

Thursday, December 25, 2008


  • 10:32 Merry christmas.Shruti,Kabeer,Lenin,

Saturday, December 20, 2008

Thursday, December 18, 2008

Report of India of AHRC published in Article 2

Please see the report of AHRC,where the cases of Belwa and Weaver of Lohta is highlighted also.

Tuesday, December 16, 2008

Tuesday, December 02, 2008

Petition to Prime Minister of India

PVCHR to Delhi-Prime, bcc: kanishkasingh, bcc: Abhijit, bcc: cpiml, bcc: A, bcc: Sitaram, bcc: Akhilesh, bcc: Bijo, bcc: Basil, bcc: shabana, bcc: hemantha, bcc: pp, bcc: Peter, bcc: Erik, bcc: Jan, bcc: Ramon, bcc: 518, bcc: May181980, bcc: Asmi, bcc: a, bcc: sapa_sa, bcc: PVCHR, bcc: urgent-action, bcc: NHRC, bcc: Babu, bcc: Debabrata
show details 8:03 PM (21 hours ago) Reply

dateMon, Dec 1, 2008 at 8:03 PM
subjectPetiton and appeal

Dear Honorable Prime Minister,
Greetings from PVCHR, Varanasi, UP.

PVCHR is membership organization ,where we have our fifty thousand members.

We condemn the terrorist attack in Mumbai.This is the failure of rule of law and participatory democracy due to the corrupt system and lack of social democracy .

Thaere is no need of new law like POTA, but we need to establish the rule of law and scientific,non -corrupt and pro-people policing in our country..

Please do needful immediately..

With kind regards,

Dr. Lenin (Ashoka Fellow and 2007 Gwanju Human Rights Awardee)

Friday, November 28, 2008

Dr. Lenin participated in Human Rights Council meeting in March at Geneva,Switzerland

Geneva lake

Participation along with Mr. Bijo Francis of AHRC as participant of Asian Legal Resource Center,Hong Kong,Switzerland


  • 12:34 P.V.C.H.R. condemns the terrorist attack in mumbai

Wednesday, November 19, 2008


  • 10:34 Sub editor of Imphal free press shot death in manipur. Publication of all newspaper in Imphal to stop from tomorrow.

Tuesday, November 18, 2008

Face of Police torture in UP of India

Story on Youtube and appeal for support in case of Police torture of a doctor and lawyer in Varanasi,India.

PVCHR filed petition to National Human rights Commission of India.RCT and PVCHR project on testmonial model did testmony of Dr. Amardeep for short therupeutic treatment to him.
Link about testmony:

Tuesday, November 11, 2008

Dr. Lenin met with Mr. Rahul Gandhi

Date of meeting:17 October, 2008

Dr. Lenin met with Mr. Rahul Gandhi at Constitutional club,Rafi Marg, New Delhi during the National Peoples' Tribunal on Torture(NPTT) at Delhi.He talked about the agenda of torture and police reform.

NPTT organized by EU-FNSt-PW.

Monday, November 10, 2008

The land of dying kids

A Leading Magzine of India, India Today published about the malnutrition and death due to starvation in Varanasi, India

Indian TV channel shows prisoners pulling plow

Indian TV channel shows prisoners pulling plow
The Associated Press
An Indian state government has ordered an inquiry into a report that prison inmates were forced to pull a field plow, an official said Monday.
The footage aired by Sahara Times television last week showed about a dozen prisoners pulling a plow inside the prison grounds in the Hindu holy city of Varanasi. It also showed a policeman smoking a cigarette in the background.
Prison authorities denied the report.
"Why would we force jail inmates to plow the field? We have our own tractors and use them for agricultural purposes," Ajay Upadhaya, a prison official, told the Associated Press on Monday.
The government of Uttar Pradesh state, where Varanasi is located, has ordered an inquiry into the report, said Satish Chandra, the area's top administrator.
Varanasi is 185 miles (300 kilometers) southeast of the state capital Lucknow.
A local rights group, the People's Vigilance Committee on Human Rights, said the residents of a village outside the prison walls had seen the inmates being used to plow the field and alerted the television channel.
"It was just a kind of forced labor that is against the jail manual," said Lenin Raghuvanshi, the group's convener.
Prisoners in India work while serving their sentences. Their jobs usually involve carpentry, weaving, and kitchen and farm work, for which they are paid.

Saturday, November 08, 2008


  • 12:58 Md.Esrak son of abdul rahim age 2 year weight3.20 gram ;4th grade malnutrition resident of dhannipur,lohata,varanasi died today.Shame to ...
  • 12:58 of district administration.Lenin,shruti,siddique hasan

[Hunger Alert] INDIA: Two and a half year-old girl die from starvation after her house was destroyed by the village head

Friday, November 07, 2008


  • 01:24 Salute to ms.Namita pal,who became matryas against hunger and malnutrion.Shame shame...Varanasi administration.Lenin
  • 03:20 Post martem of ms.Pal declared the death due to malnutrition.Lenin
  • 11:07 Today Evening at 6pm on dr.Ambedkar park,kachahari,varanasi, P.V.C.H.R. is organising the light candle in honor of matryar ms.Namita pal ...
  • 11:07 support the struggle of family of dudhmath pal.Lenin and shruti

Wednesday, November 05, 2008


  • 13:50 Congratulation for victory of obama.It is the hope for social democratic campaign of marginalised community in globe.We shall over come ...

Tuesday, October 28, 2008

Invitation for participation in ACHA Peace Award ceremony at Varanasi


Association for Communal Harmony (ACHA), United State of America is giving ACHA Peace Price 2008 to Dr Lenin Raghuvanshi of Varanasi (India) along with Mr.Karamat Ali, Mr.BM Kutti, and Mr.Mubashir Mirza of Pakistan.
In this context an award ceremony to present the certificate to Lenin is being organized in Varanasi.
You are cordially invited on this occasion.

Date : 29th October 2008, Day : Wedenesday, Time : 5:30 Pm

Venue : Hotel Kamesh Hut (Street Beside Veer Studio),
Jagatganj, Varanasi,UP,India

Yours sincerely

Contact no. 09542037615,

Note: The details of the program are as follows:

1. Welcome
2. Why Dr. Lenin Raghuvanshi has been nominated for this peace award?
Tanveer Ahmad Siddique (Advocate)
Founder: Citizen's Front
3. Peace award to Dr Lenin – by Dr Preetam K Rohila
4. Acceptance speech by Dr Lenin
5. Thanks
6. Moderated by Ashok Anand

Please visit:

Wednesday, October 22, 2008


  • 20:22 Support P.V.C.H.R through donation,we are in financial crisis.Lenin

Tuesday, October 21, 2008

Invitation for ACHA peace star award to Lenin



Association for Communal Harmony (ACHA), United State of America is giving ACHA Peace Price 2008 to Dr Lenin Raghuvanshi of Varanasi (India) along with Mr.Karamat Ali, Mr.BM Kutti, and Mr.Mubashir Mirza of Pakistan.

In this context an award ceremony to present the certificate to Lenin is being organized in Varanasi.

You are cordially invited on this occasion.

Date : 29th October 2008, Day : Wedenesday, Time : 5:30 Pm

Venue : Hotel Kamesh Hut (Street Beside Veer Studio),

Jagatganj, Varanasi,UP,India

Yours sincerely


Note: The details of the program are as follows:


1. Welcome

2. Why Dr. Lenin Raghuvanshi has been nominated for this peace award?

Tanveer Ahmad Siddique (Advocate)

Founder: Citizen's Front
3. Peace award to Dr Lenin – by Dr Preetam K Rohila

4. Acceptance speech by Dr Lenin

5. Thanks

6. Moderated by Ashok Anand

To know about People's Vigilance Committee on Human Right log on to:

Please visit:

Monday, October 20, 2008


  • 21:13 P.V.C.H.R became member of international network of psychologists for social responsibilty.Lenin

Sunday, October 19, 2008


  • 16:02 Times of india published story on hunger and give the example of belwa.This is published today in sunday special.Lenin

Any tears for the Aam Aadmi?

Any tears for the Aam Aadmi?
19 Oct 2008, 0001 hrs IST, Neelam Raaj, TNN

In Belwa, a hamlet in Uttar Pradesh's Varanasi district, it's almost noon by the time the women get around to cooking but the meal is ready in a jiffy. A few rotis and a bowl of salt water. Dip, dip, dip...and the hungry children gulp down their first - and last - meal of the day.

''By evening, they will be crying again but a slap or two will quieten them down,'' says Laxmina, wife of a brick kiln worker and mother of three. Her face is deadpan but her voice betrays her desperation. These months are the worst in Belwa. With the brick kilns closed from July to October, the hamlet's Musahars, the bottom rung in India's caste system, struggle to survive. And it is children who are the most vulnerable. A health check in Belwa by People's Vigilance Council for Human Rights, a n organisation that works in the area, found that more than 80% of its children were malnourished.

''In the past year, food prices have gone up sharply but incomes haven't. It is impossible for children to be healthy on a diet of rotis with no milk or vegetables,'' says Lenin Raghuvanshi, a PVCHR activist. But bloated stomachs and wasted limbs are a reality not just in this corner of eastern UP. Consider these statistics:

Four in every 10 Indian children are malnourished, says a UN report.

India ranks a lowly 66 out of 88 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2008. The report says India has more hungry people - more than 200 million - than any other country in the world.

One-third of the world's poor live in India, according to the latest poverty estimates from the World Bank. Based on its new threshold of poverty - $1.25 a day - the number of India's poor people has actually gone up from 421 million in 1981 to 456 million in 2005

India ranks 128 out of 177 countries in the UN's Human Development Index. The index goes beyond GDP and calculates human development by taking into account life expectancy, literacy and standard of living.

So did these alarming numbers cease to matter when placed alongside more upbeat GDP numbers? Was the gloom forgotten - perhaps consciously - in the rah-rah story of India's economic boom? Enter Aravind Adiga's story of a rickshawallah's move from the "darkness" of rural india to the "light" of urban Gurgaon to remind us of the harsh facts behind the fiction. Amid the call centres, the 360,000,004 gods, the shopping malls and the crippling traffic jams, Adiga's protagonist encounters modern India. ''The cars of the rich go like dark eggs down the roads of Delhi. Every now and then an egg will crack open and a woman's hand, dazzling with gold bangles, stretches out of an open window, flings an empty mineral water bottle onto the road and then the window goes up, and the egg is resealed.''

So tightly that the bleaker realities stay out. Inequality and injustice have always been around us, points out human rights activist Harsh Mander. ''But what makes these times that we live in, distinct, is that it does not seem even to cause outrage any longer,'' he says. ''It does not worry us that half our children are still malnourished, or that 200 million people sleep hungry each night; that access to quality schooling still depends on the wealth and social standing of the family into which one is born; that thousands of children sleep in bitter winter cold on dirty pavements under the open sky; that an illness in the household can mean permanent pauperisation of the entire family; that women work the hardest but are paid the least; and that Dalits and minorities fear for not just the consequences of deprivation but also of organised hate. We seem to have collectively resolved to exile impoverished people even from our conscience and consciousness,'' he says.

In contrast, the lavish lifestyles of the rich are celebrated. ''Little wonder that social discontent has been rising. In fact, the only thing to be surprised about is that there is very little violence around us,'' says Satish Deshpande, professor of sociology at the Delhi School of Economics.

Will it always stay like that? ''It's been 60 years since Independence and the impatience is rising,'' points out Deshpande. After all, reading about India's chronic development deficiencies is one thing, living with them entirely another.

Wednesday, October 15, 2008


  • 21:09 Dignity magzine of mumbai published about the pvchr.Lenin

Thursday, October 09, 2008


  • 00:35 Clear sign of cleasing of marginalised christian populace in kandhmal,orrisa by rss/bajrangdal/vhp.Lenin

Tuesday, October 07, 2008


  • 16:37 I am in kandhmal,orrisa for fact finding. Lenin

Sunday, October 05, 2008

Letter to NHRC

Date: 04/10/2008
The Chairperson
National Human Rights Commission
New Delhi

Subject : In relation to dispossession of applicant Doodh Nath Pal from his residence by village head and not re-allotment of land to him.

Respected sir
This is to bring in your kind notice that applicant Doodh Nath Pal aged about 45 years son of Late Kharpattu is the resident of Village Gokulpur, Post-Harhuaa, Police Station – Badagoan , District – Varanasi. He lived along with his family in a hut which was constructed over the land of Gram Sabha. His family comprises his wife Chirounji Devi aged about 40 years his children Soni aged about 14 years, Natthu Pal aged about 8 years, Kavita ,aged about 4, and Namita years aged about 2½ years. He earned his livelihood by daily wages labour. On 11/08/08 the village head Shiv Shakti Singh alias Rajan Singh demolished the hut of the applicant along with his companion and Lekhpal. They made the land plane with tractor. At that time it was raining heavily and his house hold articles were being damaged due to rain. His family became homeless. Even they had no place to cook food. His children became dependent over the mid day meal for food.
He had made complaint in written to SO of police station Badagoan, SSP-Varanasi, District Magistrate – Varanasi, Commissioner Varanasi Division, and Inspector General Varanasi Zone, but no one had paid heed to the plight of applicant. Even the SO of police station Badagoan abused him and threatened him to put in prison in a fake case. After becoming penniless he sat on protest at District Head Quarter along with his family. When the health of his two children Kavita and Namita became deteriorating, the SDM First admitted them in Pandit Din Dayal Governmental Hospital. They were under treatment there for four days. Since his problem of residence was still unsolved, so he sat on protest again along with his family. At least the SDM Pindra came to him and assured him allot land for his residence. He ended his protest and waited till 11/09/08, but no action was taken from the side of administration. Again he sat on protest along with his family on 12/09/08. The Chouki In charge of Kuchary admonished him not to sit on protest at night. On 22/09/08 the SDM Pindra came to him and assured him to allot land for his residence due to pressure exerted by media. On the same day the SDM Pindra ordered to Kanoongo and Lekhpal on phone to measure the land to allot the applicant. At the same the health of his child Namita became deteriorating due to malnourishment. So she was admitted to Pandit Din Dayal Governmental Hospital. On 23/09/08 the SDM Pindra came to the hospital and assured the applicant that he would be allotted two biswas of land as soon as he would be discharged from hospital. At the same time he had given Rs 100/ as financial assistance to his family. On 25/09/08, when he had been released from hospital, he approached to Lekhpal and asked for allotment of land. The said Lekhpal replied that he was preparing related document and he would measure the land on 26/09/08 after preparation of those related document. Again when he contacted to Kanoongo in morning of 26/09/08, he said that he was participating in funeral, so the land for applicant would be measured on the on 28/09/08. When in the morning of 28/09/08 at about 08:00 am the applicant contacted to SDM Pindra, Kanoongo, Lekhpal on phone, all of them assured that his land would be measured at 02:00 pm on the same day. The applicant had waited till two ‘o’ clock. Having seen no response from the side of administration he contacted to SDM Pindra on phone and asked for measurement, he advised the applicant to contact to District Magistrate. When the applicant asked the number of District Magistrate, the SDM Pindra showed his inability and had not given the number. When he asked about the matter to Kanoongo, he said that the SDM Pindra had refused to measure the land.
In entire matter the role of administration can not be understood. On one hand they assured him to allot the land for residence but on the other hand they took back their order. They did not give any explanations for cancellation of their order. It seems that the SDM Pindra assured to allot the land only to finish his protest. He never had intention to allot the land to the applicant. However, in entire matter the family of the applicant suffered allot. He is very poor and belongs to other backward community. The applicant and his family have been deprived from their basic needs i.e. food, shelter. His two children Soni, and Natthu Pal are studying in primary school, their study were badly affected in whole episode. So their right to education guaranteed by constitution is being violated. It is the duty of state to protect the constitutional rights. Since the applicant has no safe place to reside, so he is bound to sit on protest along with his family. He is compelled to live the nomadic life.
So, therefore it requested politely that ask the appropriate authority to take immediate action to make over relief to the applicant and his family, so that they could be allotted land for residence and become free from nomadic life. His BPL card and job card may be made so that the constitutional and other rights of applicant and his family may be secured and they could be supplied basic needs of life. The children of applicant may get education.

Yours faithfully

(Member core group)

Saturday, October 04, 2008


  • 17:51 ist.Lenin,shruti and sant vivek das
  • 17:51 P.V.C.H.R is going to establish four rooms comunity hall in raup of sobhadra on the name of our friend late shri sushil tripathi,who is ...

Thursday, October 02, 2008


  • 12:04 Eid mubarakpur. Lenin
  • 12:15 Eid mubarar ho. Lenin Shruti Kabeer
  • 16:14 A.C.H.A.(asso. For communal harmony in asia) peace star award of U.S.A declared and went to kutty,karamat ali and mubashir of pakistan a ...

ACHA Peace Award to Mr. Kutty,Karamat Ali,Mubashir and Lenin

from ACHA-Pritam Rohila
date Thu, Oct 2, 2008 at 5:50 AM
subject IMP-2008 ACHA Awards

October 1, 2008
2008 ACHA Awards
Dear ACHA Members:
With one no-response, the rest of our Board of Directors has unanimously voted to recognize the following four individuals for this year’s ACHA Peace Star Awards.
1. B. M. Kutty, Karachi, Pakistan
2. Karamat Ali, Karachi, Pakistan
3. Mubashir Mirza, Sadiqabad, Pakistan
4. Dr. Lenin Raghuvanshi, Varanasi, India

Messrs Kutty and Ali were nominated by Dr. A. H. Nayyar, himself the 2004 recipient of ACHA Star Award. A retired nuclear physicist, he is currently he is a Research Fellow at Pakistan’s Sustainable Development Policy Institute.
Messrs Kutty and Ali have been actively and ably leading peace movement in Pakistan for the last 15 years or so. Also they are highly regarded in India for their peace and harmony work.
Earlier this year, they went to New Delhi to participate in the funeral of Nirmala Deshpande, a highly venerated, Gandhian, peace and harmony leader and former member of Indian Parliament. And they brought with them a portion of Didi Deshpande’s ashes for their respectful and ceremonious immersion in the River Indus.
Mubashir Mirza is a young man in his 20’s. He has been a dedicated peace activist for the last 5 years or so. He works primarily with youth through Centre for Youth Development & Activities (CYDA), which is dedicated to help youth become “aware of the past; present conditions” so that they can “build their own personalities and know their responsibilities in their societies, a role which they can play effectively”.
He has led a few peace delegations to Chandigarh. His attempts to host in Pakistan, peace delegates from Chandigarh, have not materialized so far, for their inability to get Pakistan visas.
Dr. Lenin Raghuvanshi , an Ashoka Fellow is being recognized for his pioneering and courageous work to improve the lot of the low-caste and the deprived sections of India’s Hindu and Muslim community. More information about him and his work can be found at, the website for his organization, People’s Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (PVCHR).
On behalf Members and Directors of ACHA, I will personally present the awards to these individuals during my and my wife’s Peace Pilgrimage to India and Pakistan later this year.
For your review and information, I have attached their original nominations with this message.
Best Wishes,
Pritam K. Rohila, Ph.D.
Executive Director
Association for Communal Harmony in Asia (ACHA) &

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Dr. Lenin Raghuvanshi


Tanweer Ahmed Siddiqui (Advocate)
Founder,Citizen Front


Dr. Lenin Raghuvanshi


ACHA Peace Star Award


Dr. Lenin Raghuvanshi is the symbol of resistance to millions of Dalits fighting for dignity in India. Lenin is credited with changing the discourse on Dalit Politics in India and bringing into focus an innovative “people centric” approach to reclaim human dignity in a caste ridden Indian society. The gamut of Lenin’s activities reflects his personal and ideological span and provides credibility and a sense of completeness to the work he does. His care for details, meticulous planning, diligent patience, and sincere advocacy of the issue of the marginalized, has made millions of his supporters optimistic about a dignified future.

Lenin's views on caste, conflict and social change took shape while he worked with bonded laborers. He was born into a high caste Hindu family which he describes as "feudal." He noticed that not a single child bonded in the sari or carpet industries came from an upper caste, even though some high-caste families were often just as poor as the lower castes. He realized that caste, not class, was at work. By the end of 1996, Lenin was championing the rights of lower-caste people. Early experiences taught him that confrontation was dangerous and not the most effective method. Increasingly, Lenin recognized caste in all kinds of social conflict and envisioned a movement that could break the closed, feudal hierarchies of conservative slums and villages by building up local institutions and supporting them with a high profile and active human rights network.

As a self taught Dalit ideologue, Lenin understood from the beginning that village in India is the cradle of exploitation. Instead of tampering with the symptoms, caste needed to be tackled by both its horns. On the one hand he created a democratized structure for the voiceless to enable them access to the constitutional guarantees of modern India and on the other, his innovative advocacy forced the state to sensitize its mechanisms to deliver social justice in a manner where Justice is not only done but perceived to be done.
Lenin conceived of a folk school which not only enabled empowerment of the poor, but also endowed them with the ability to access information and justice through the constitutional mechanism of the state.

To translate policy into practice, Lenin has begun working on the latest part of his strategy, Jan Mitra Gaon, or the People-Friendly Village. These villages have durable local institutions that work to promote basic human rights in the face of continuous discrimination. Lenin has adopted three villages and one slum as pilot projects, which include reactivating defunct primary schools, eradicating bonded labor, making sure girls get education, and promoting non-formal education. The village committees comprise at least 50 percent Dalits, and seek to realize greater political representation of Dalits on village councils. The heads of the village committee and village council, a government representative, and a PVCHR employee will serve as a conflict resolution group and form the People-Friendly Committee. The approach of the organization is two-fold: to have a strong grassroots organization to work for democratic rights of those in marginalized communities and second, to create the structure and dynamics to receive the assistance of national and international institutions.

Lenin's work marks a shift in the Indian human rights movement, which has been reluctant to address injustices in the name of caste as a fundamental human rights issue. He is one of only a handful of activists to declare that such discrimination goes against democratic principles by promoting inequality. By working from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh“one of the most traditional, conservative, and segregated regions in India Lenin demonstrates his resolve.

With meager resources, but rich with confidence and conviction, Lenin in a short period of time has managed to amplify the voice of the marginalized in national and international fora through “Peoples SAARC”, rehabilitation and resettlement of weavers of Varanasi; Benaras Convention; UP Assembly Election Watch; prevention of torture; voice against hunger and many such activities. Recognition by the international community of Dr Lenin’s work is indeed the recognition for the millions whose hopes and aspirations rest on his slender shoulders.


Born on 18 May 1970 at Varanasi

Mother’s name: Shrimati Savitri Devi

Married to Shruti Nagvanshi on 22 February 1992; has an 8 year old son, Kabir Karunik

Completed his Bachelor degree in Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery from the State Ayurvedic Medical College, Gurukul Kangari, Haridwar in 1994 with distinction.

1993: President, United Nations’ Youth Organization (UNYO), UP Chapter.

1993: Founded Bachapan Bachao Andolan (Save the Child hood Movement) along with Swami Agnivesh.

1996: Founded People’s Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (PVCHR) along with Shruti, Dr.Mahendra Pratap (Historian),Vikash Maharaj (Musician), Gyanedra Pati (poet) to work on child labour free village.

1998: Organized, coordinated, and participated as Core Marcher in Global March against Child Labour.

1998: Fair Play Campaign against use of child labour in Indian Sporting Goods Industry. The campaign forced FIFA, ICC (International Cricket Council), World Federation of Sporting Goods Industry and Reebok to prohibit use of child labour in producing their goods.

1999: Founded Jan Mitra Nyas, a public charitable trust, for working on governance, and Human Rights in five adopted villages near Varanasi

2001: Awarded the Ashoka Fellowship for social entrepreneurship and change maker from Ashoka: innovators for Public based in Washington, DC

2001: Elected to the Executive Council of Voice of People (VOP, 25000 membership), a state wide people’s alliance for bringing to the fore the politics of marginalized.

2002: Campaigned and mobilized at State and national level for prevention of torture.

2002: Appointed member of District Vigilance committee on Bonded Labour under Bonded Labour abolition Act 1976 by the Governor of UP.

2004: Created Model Village “People Friendly Village” to enable and amplify the voice of the marginalized.

2004: Organized Benaras Convention in order to assert the discourse of politics of marginalized in the national mainstream. The convention attended by thinkers and activists across the nation unanimously declared that the City of Varanasi was the symbol of Shraman Sanskriti (culture of the working class) as opposed to that of the Brahminical Sanskriti (Culture of the feudal class).

2004: Established Bunkar-Dastkar Adhikar Manch (Forum on rights of the weavers and artisans) to give voice to their plight in an organized manner. The forum has membership of 3000 people and has been able to make Planning Commission of India commit Rupees One Thousand crores for their re-habilitation. This body is led by indigenous leaders and is self supporting.

2004: Conceptualized and formed the Varanasi Weavers Trust along with eminent economist and Ashoka fellow from Sri Lanka, Dr. Darin Gunasekara. The trust envisages creation of a democratized mode of production with social control over capital for the weavers. The Planning Commission of India and Government of Uttar Pradesh have taken note of the objective of the trust and are in the process of giving shape to the idea respectively.

2004: Founded the Musahar-Nut Adhikar Manch (Forum on rights of Musahars and Nuts; Musahars and Nuts are the most marginalized untouchable caste) in the hunger infested districts of eastern Uttar Pradesh. Advocacy at national and international fora has succeeded in prioritizing hunger in Government expenditure policy. Active mobilization of the poor Dalit has forced political parties to include the improvement of Dalit in their electoral manifesto. The liberation from social inhibitions has resulted in creation of Martyr’s domes in village where hunger deaths occurred and has created a pool of indigenous hunger activists among the poor. The District administration of Varanasi has sought Rupees 6.75 crores to fight hunger situation of Musahars in the district. As a result of PVCHR’s pressure the UP Panchayat Act was amended to include a clause which directed each local self Government of village to hold a fund of Rupees one thousand to mitigate emergency hunger situation.

2005: Conceived and convened People’s SAARC at Varanasi. The objective was to bring together the issues of the people of SAARC countries to the forefront and establish a people to people relationship to fight caste, communal, ethnic, and fascist forces in the region. The most important declaration read, “We cherish and uphold the Rule of Law, sovereignty of the people, a system of governance that ensures devolution of power, People' right to self rule and control over resources.” Convention is resulted in South Asian People’s Forum (SAPF) of which Dr. Lenin was elected the coordinator. The core committee comprised of PVCHR (India), INSEC (Nepal), People’s Forum for Human Rights (Bhutan), Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, LOKOJ (Bangladesh) and Wiros Lokh Institute (Sri Lanka).This convention triggered off a series of similar convention across the SAARC countries. Two major outcomes of the convention were inclusion of Afghanistan in the SAARC, and in the Dhaka declaration in 2005 SAARC summit inclusion of civil society voice in the decision making process.

2006: Founded Rozagar Haq Abhiyan (Right to work campaign) along with AIM, Parmarth, GSS, Musahar Manch for monitoring implementation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) in UP.

2006: PVCHR work on torture victims resulted in Dr. Lenin being appointed State Director of National Project on Prevention of Torture funded by European Union.

2006: In the context of international advocacy along with AHRC, PVCHR achieved the rare distinction of being reported by the UN special rappoteur on Racism and Xenophobia. In the same year three out of four reported cases from India in the report of representative of Secretary General for Human Rights defenders were from PVCHR.

2007: Drafted along with Faisal Anurag the vision paper for NAFRE Peoples™ Movement, an alliance of representative from 16 states of India. This paper presented a road map for civil society movement drawing from the traditional working class past of India from the perspective of caste.

2007: Established Folk School for Dalit in Belwa

2007: PVCHR and Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) along with 210 NGOs across the state conducted the UP Election watch (UPEW). The objective was to sensitize the electors about the governance processes. By providing background information of candidates UPEW facilitated informed choice of the citizens of UP. Dr. Lenin, coordinator of UPEW, successfully ran a media campaign and managed to bring the issue of criminalization of politics to the center stage.

2007: received 2007 Gwangju Human Rights Award from May 18 Foundation of South Korea along with Ms. Sharmila Irom of Manipur


Dr. Lenin in his carrier has faced several obstacles from state and society :

• On 17 July 1996 the Para Military Forces subjected Dr.Lenin to severe beatings with rifle butts while leading a demonstration for rehabilitation of freed bonded dalit and child laborers and land allotment of Gram Sabha in favour of landless dalit of Indrawar village of Varanasi. This case of beating was raised by Amnesty International.

• Dr. Lenin’s brother was murdered by his relatives because of his views on caste politics in 1996.

• In 1998 state police tried to malign Dr. Lenins™ reputation by a fake encounter at his parental residence. His family was coerced to make statement implicating him in the case. The case was disposed of by NHRC after reviewing the details.

• .Dr. Lenin received death threat in pursuance of people™s democratic right at pachayat level in village Belwa of Varanasi in August 2006.

1. Justice Sukumaran “ Rtd.Judge, High Court of Kerela & Bombay.

India’s hope for the future rests in the selfless services of activists who are informed, involved and idealistic. Earth, Earthly “like the worms, which enrich the land some, are as Churchill put it “glow worms”. They show the way amidst encircling glow. I had the great privilege to spend a few hours with those great missionaries of the new century “ a unique luck; I deem it. Dated 18.2.2002.

2. Justice Zakaria Mohd. Yacoob , Sitting Judge of the Constitutional Court of South Africa & Chancellor of Durban “ Westville.
PVCHR does wonderful work under very difficult circumstances. We are proud to be associated with you “India & the World need more of such Workers. Good Luck Zak Yacoob & Anu Yacoob. Dated 9.5.2002.

3. Otto Tausig, Austrian Film Actor

On some occasion I am wearing the T-shirt you gave me for the purpose that people should ask me whose face is it showing. Then I tell them in a country far away from our own there are people like Safdar Hashmi & Dr.Lenin who were and who are fighting for things worth fighting for and we too should work for a better world. My thoughts are with you and my best wishes for the success of your work. It’s the same cause you and I are working for. There is hunger, exploitation and disregard of human and child rights all over the world but also a growing understanding that we have to globalize the fight against it.

4. Mr.Vishwanath Singh, Regional Secretary, Vigil India Movement

Dr Lenin is to empower the victims to restore a balance of Power in society between economic and other forces. He is facilitating the participation and increasing the International and National bargaining powers of Poor, of the labor, environmental & other social movements. He protects traditional wisdom & knowledge. Dr.Lenin gives people a sense of their own power. He mobilizes the power that people have in doing so, he teaches the value of united action through real life example, and build the self-confidence of both the organization and individuals in it. He avoids shortcuts that don’t build people’s powers, such as bringing in lawyer to handle the problem, asking friendly politicians to take care of it or turning it over to a Government Agency.

5. Dominique Lapierre (Author-Freedom at Midnight & City of Joy)& social activist
The World needs great voices like those of PVCHR shouting for Human Dignity.

6. Summa Josson, a Film Director of Bombay specializing in Documentary Films on Social issues
India is on the cross - roads. The future of India lies in the hands of people like you. It makes me feel that there is still some hope left

Web linkage about Lenin and PVCHR Industries-envirn-resettlement/2002/kiln.htm overall/people/uttarpradesh/ngosvaranasi.htm DailyNewsBulletin/6/10%20June%202005.doc - 41k - 30 Apr 2007

Sunday, September 28, 2008

Invitation for Social audit of Jan Mitra Nyas

Social audit of Jan Mitra Nyas
(Investigation by Public)

People Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (PVCHR) in 1999 formed Jan Mitra Nyas(JMN). Nyas,a public charitable trust,which is registered under FCRA and Income Tax Act and every year it files return in Income Tax and Home Ministry (FCRA). CRY gave economic assistance to JMN from starting to strengthen the struggle of VOP with creation of model village. Sir Dorabji Tata Trust gave assistance for the education of dalits. Dr. Lenin donates money to JMN which he receives in Gwanju Human Rights award from May 18 Foundation,South Korea. America India Foundation (AIF) gave assistance for Jan Mitra Rickshaw Bank. Mean while Asian Human Rights Commission and Action Aid International gave assistance to weaver suffering from T.B.

Transparency is essential in the struggle of Democracy. It is known that Income Tax Department in the scrutiny investigation gave the order that the accounting system of Jan Mitra Nyas is based on rule of law and it is one of the best system.

Jan Mitra Nyas will keep it Balance sheet, voucher and progress report in front of Public. In which JMN is cordially inviting people's from village, citizen, media, donors, partners and Government to mark their valuable presence to strengthen the democracy and transparency and also assist in the struggle of Human Rights.

Date: 30 September, 2008, Time: 11 am

Place: District head Quarter in front of circuit house, Varanasi

You are cordially invited.

With warm regards,

Shruti Nagvanshi

Managing Trustee


from John Dayal <>
to Lenin Raghuvanshi <>

date Sun, Sep 28, 2008 at 10:28 AM
subject Re: Invitation in Social audit of Jan Mitra Nyas

this is a billianrt iniiative that all HR groups must follow

it makes their voice stronger

god bless you both

John Dayal
Member:National Integration council,Government of India

Friday, September 26, 2008


  • 15:17 Lenin recieved .A.C.H.A peace star award 2008.P.V.C.H.R.

Thursday, September 25, 2008

Round Table discussion on “Using Testimony as a psychotherapeutic tool”

Deva International Society for child care (DISCC), Varanasi India, People’s Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (PVCHR), Varanasi India and Rehabilitation and Research centre for the torture victim (RCT), Copenhagen, Denmark jointly organize Round Table discussion on “Using Testimony as a psychotherapeutic tool” on 25th September, 2008 at 9:45 am in Diamond Hotel Varanasi.

Discussion starts with the candle lighting by Prof. K.C Gurnani M.D (Psychiatry) Head, Department of Psychiatry, S.N College, Dr. Inger Agger consultant Rehabilitation and Research centre for the torture victim (RCT), Copenhagen, Denmark.

Dr. Inger presents the testimonial method that Testimony therapy has been used for survivors of human rights violations in different parts of the world during the last 25 years starting in Chile, Latin America. By giving testimony about the torture - telling “the self suffering – story” - to an empathic listener who records the story, the survivor can heal his or her trauma and also use the testimony document in the struggle for justice. In this way “the private pain becomes political” and the survivor is empowered.

Steps in testimony THERAPY:
1. During two sessions, the survivor tells the story of his or her suffering to a community worker or human rights defender who helps the survivor remember the suffering and feel the emotions at that time and in the present. One community worker acts as the interviewer while the other acts as a note-taker. Together with the survivor they create a coherent story about the human rights violations suffered by the survivor.
2. In the beginning of the second session, the story is read out in front of the survivor as an autobiography and corrections are made if the survivor wants to add or change something in the story.
3. At the end of each session, the interviewers and the survivor sit for ten minutes in a “mindfulness” meditation experience with focus on the awareness of the breath and the thoughts going through the mind.
4. For the third and last session, the testimony is prepared in colorful and attractive paper with the signature of the survivor and the interviewer. An honor ceremony is organized where the testimony is handed over to the survivor. If the survivor agrees this ceremony can be public and the testimonies of several survivors might be handed over on the same occasion. A copy of the testimony will be used for further advocacy with the acceptance of the survivor.
5. The testimonies of survivors can also be used in folk school meetings, community meetings, programs related to human rights, as part of a people’s movement and in workshops for the police to prevent torture.
 Dr. Lenin presents: a lot of political and lawful struggle against police torture and other organized types of violence are happening. However, in the human rights organizations of India resources have been scant for providing short-term psychosocial assistance to survivors suffering from psychological problems. This type of assistance has mostly been provided by trained psychologists or psychiatrists in medical centers. It is, therefore, necessary for the organizations working on the grass-roots level to develop their capacity for this type of brief therapy assistance, which can be carried out by non-professional staff. He himself observes that

 The eyes of all the survivors and their family members were wet after hearing the testimonies and they were feeling very happy and “good from inside”.

 The 18 testimony was sent for the legal advocacy.

 The positive result is now the police is gently behaving with the survivor.
 Survivor come out from the many psychological problem like –Anxiety, nightmares, feeling of guilt this thing was trace out after filling second part of Monitoring & Evaluation.

In the first pilot project 12 Human Rights Defender were trained in PVCHR office from 12th May, 2008 to 23rd May, 2008. The participants thereafter took the testimonies of 23 survivors under the supervision of Dr. Inger Agger. Again in the second phase of pilot project supervision workshop was organized for 12 Human Rights Defender from 17th September, 2008 to 19th September, 2008. A lot of challenges and success came out while using this testimonial therapy with the survivor.

Nearly 30 psychologist, counselor and Psychiatry from Agra, Gorakhpur, Allahabad actively participate in this Round Table discussion.

Wednesday, September 24, 2008


  • 01:08 Jan mitra nyas is going to organise social audit of its account and progress report on 30 september on collectrate of varanasi at 11 am. ...

German blog on PVCHR activities by an intern

Ms.Frauke Hollerbach is a german intern working in PVCHR now.She is student in University of Cologne.She also involved with project with children of Baghawanal slum.

Saturday, September 20, 2008

Dr. Lenin Meeting with Ms. Sharmila

Dr. Lenin,Gwangju Awardee and convenor of PVCHR is meeting with Ms. Sharmila,an Icon of struggle against Armed Forces special power Act and co-awardee of Gwangju Human Rights Award along with Lenin. He met with her in Hospital under the custody.

from wide angle <>
to Lenin Raghuvanshi <>

date Fri, Sep 19, 2008 at 11:11 AM
subject Sharmila
hide details 11:11 AM (23 hours ago) Reply

Dear Lenin

Irom Sharmila Chanu winner of Gwangju Prize for Human Rights 2007, has been remanded to judicial custody till October 1st 2008 after she was produced before the court of judicial Magistrate (First Class) at Lamphelpat yesterday. While at the court premise Sharmila upon hearing that her mother was feeling unwell and sick could not stop herself from crying as she regards her mother as an inspiration for her untiring endeavour to protest the imposition of the draconian law the Armed Forces' Special Powers Act 1958, She has been held up at the Security Ward of JN Hospital for over eight years and periodically produced before the relevant courts due to legal compulsion by the Manipur Government Police Department for her agitation in the form of Hunger Strike till AFSPA is removed.

Montu Ahanthem

Sunday, September 14, 2008

Situational analysis of working area in Varanasi

Situation Analysis, Economic, Social, Political & Cultural, July – 2008

Working Area Badagoan

Belwa (Badagoan Block)

Economic :
There are middle and small farmer, daily wages labour, displaced labour (Musher Community), running livelihood by selling cow-buffalo, workers of some other work like private servant, weaver of saree and carpet and doing agriculture on partnership in the targeted group of Belwa.
Out of these the condition of Musahar is worse, they have no work, nor do they have any card. But due to availability of red card and work from Block and Panchayat in this year, their position is stable.
Rajbhar community is economically weak due to dependence on partnership and daily wage labour. But sometimes they get work from Panchayat. This work has been made available due to administrative pressure.
There are many livelihoods in nut community; they are weaving, selling animals, collecting cereal, wealth by singing Alha (folk songs) and snake charmering, selling vegetable and other work. Their position became well due to red card and governmental housing scheme.
Barbering is the main work of minority community. But now they are doing effort to direct towards another work by associating their children to education all the above mentioned communities are landless. And they are demanding for land allotment. Land is allotted to Nut community by Panchayat.
They are doing debt based farming due to unavailability of means of irrigation, seeds and fertilizers. Since there is no profit in agriculture, they are tending to wards farming of flowers at the place of cereal farming. There is effect on agricultural labour due to loss in forming, from were the labour got work but farmer are doing their work by self for saving.

Social :
In spite of seven years struggle, caste system, patriarchal system have not been routed out completely but the position is clear that where the community performed activity solely; now it is struggling collectively and this is the basis of any social changes and the successful effort of forward people that deprived should not unite, is breaking gradually.
Due to the completion of demand of primary school and many administrative pressures deprived group Specially Nut-Mushar community have been glorify by the feeling of win through their struggle and confidence have been increased. Where Mushar-Nut community are seen with disregard, now as a result of administrative pressure and argument the steps have been taken sensitively to change the position of Nut-Mushar community.
In respect of women, since the labour group of Belwa is targeted group (Farming, labour, daily wage labour, women), so women are given social status. So that their labour can be utilized and it can not be protested. In this situation the change has come due to arguments program on the contribution given by women to society but it is very far from equality and some events are happening. Women are in fronts of struggle and community is accepting the leadership of women in group struggle. They are being given the opportunity of speaking and decision making. Up to some extent they made acceptance on their personal matter and in some matter they accept the decision with some protest.

Children :
Caste discrimination and sex discrimination is breaking in children. The girl child is raising their voice openly. At the same time the exception of child marriage came into existence. The girl child is in back foot in case of education. The children of Mushar-Nut community are studding with the children of backword community and they are becoming friend. Prior to this there was discrimination in children. Due to availability of birth certificate they came into social & statistical scenario. In social situation the mutual bitterness became less but there is some discrimination.

Political :
The deprived community made a long struggle on the basis of violation of right of education and vote. They cooperated their labour in this struggle and the political cooperation of forward be came unsuccessful. The hindrance which caused the inaccessibility of deprived to government facilities, now finished. In spite of these circumstances the strong political will has not been formed and caste based politics is prevailing.
Where the issue of women is based on family profit, that is the part of politics like service etc. but there is silence on the issues of health and violence, and in the matter of right over land, the group which have land, have desire to gain and want to escape in the name of inability and unavailability to give.
There is the effect of communal politics on children and large number of children are deprived from education. All the children are improving the politics of child right through education.
Politically, the community is centralizing on group interest along with their personal interest there is increase in practice on raising the question directly to leaders on their issues.

Cultural : Along with inner cultural activities community are in creasing their togetherness with the group of other community.

Dhamahapur ( Badagoan Block)

Social : There are two VOP committee in the village of Dhobi, Pasi, Muslim, Patel, Rajbhar, Dharikar, Pal, Prajapati, Gond, These Committees are in the locality of Rajbhar Basti. Patel Nav Samant community are prevalent in the population of approximately 5000, and maintain Pressure over Dalit, Muslim Mushar Community along with other backward community,
Only one thousand village head belong to minority from the enforcement of Panchayat Raj Act, rest times patel community has captured the post of village head. The patel community has pressure over other community.

Economic :
The Patel community of Ghamahapur are farmer whose land extended to three village apart from lands of Ghamahapur. Along with this government service, contracting, shop etc. are the livelihood source.
Family of rest of the community is land less. There are some small farmer, mostly agricultural labour or earning their livelihood by daily wages.

Political : There are supporter of B.J.P. congress, S.P., Apna Dal and B.S.P. in the village politically divided in three group. In the election of village head, rest community followed the favour of Patel community.
Due to isolation of Dalit community, any type of decision can not find ground. The decision is certified due to effect of circumstances.

Nindanpur (Badagoan Block)

Social : Gram Sabha Nindanpur is made up of two Mushar locality of VOP and Dalit Basti committee Nindanpur, Makurveer, Nandlalpur, Bahutara.The population of the village is four thousand where the family of Mushar, Chamar, Rajbhar, Patel and some backward dalit, live.
Out of them the person of Yadav family, who is mafia, is village head. The coming and going way are saperate for saperate community in saperate locality.
In this year the influential of landed community attacked on the youth of Rajbhar community on the issue of wearing of fashionable wear. In which number of family got injured. After this incidence Yadav family came in support of Rajbhar community after looking at political scenario. The suit was filed, compliance had done, later compromise took place due to economic reason, but there is a pressure on forward till now.

Economic :
Economically there are forward, Patel and Yadav, in Nindanpur, who are associated with services and other livelihood means along with agriculture. Apart from these community there are extreme backward, and Dalit famity and extreme small farmer, daily wages, dependent family.

Political : There are four caste based supporter of political parties B.J.P., S.P., B.S.P. and Bharatiya Samaj Party and Apna Dal. Mainly the supporter of present M.L.A. Ajay Rai are in force. In the election of village head personal inters is prevalent.

Hamirapur (Badagoan Block)

Social : In a village of population approximately 5000, where Pandit Patel, Dalit, Mushar, Srivastava, Thakur live. Among these families the Pandit and Patel community maintain pressure over other community, among which mushar community face more pressure, where there are two groups within the community, but only one committee has been formed by annexing both family. The Pandit and Thakur community which live in another village (Berji, Bathaipur, Kuwar) have put the development of whole locality on back foot by exerting mental pressure over the community. Dalit, Mushar and Chamar family are facing this exploitation collectively again. Where as Hamirapur is Dalit populated village, and Dalit are the village head of this village continuously. However due to feudal tendency of forward every time the village head post is being under the control of influential.

Economic : The community of forward and Patel are farmer along with government, private service, private shop, where as Dalit community earn their livelihood on daily wages along with labour.

Lakhamipur (Badagoan Block)

Social : There are eight forward family in the village of population approximately 3000. Mainly Patel, Rajbhar, Chamar, Dhobi, and other community. There are total six committee of VOP in three part of town Lakhamipur, Thakurbir, Chiriyam. There are diffused quarrel in the village based on caste system, which are regarding land and other issues which are being settled. Mutual bitterness is very less. According to issues the Patel are in the role of new feudal because they have land, along with this some are engaged in divisional farming. Initially this village was associated with Belwa, later it has become new separate Gram Sabha.

Economic : Small peasants are dependent mainly on divisional farming, agriculture labour, daily wage labour. The main livelihood of this village are - some are doing work outside of city and some are doing self business.

Political : Mainly like other village, caste based politics exists in this village. Who are supporter of Apna Dal, B.S.P., Bharatiya Samaj Party. The politics of village is caste- religion based in which personal interest prevails.

Nathaipur Ahirani (Badagoan Block)

Social: In the village of population approximately 5000, all Dalit community are scattered. Their houses are in the number of 4, 5 or 6 along with them, in three locality of Nathaipur, Tetuapur, Basti, Nathaipur is village of forward Pandit, Thakur, Yadav, Tetuapur is the village of Patel, Pal and Ahirani is the village of Rajbhar community. Where there are two village committees of VOP, who are the village head for long time. The community has to bear the pressure of Patel, Brahmin, Thakur. The influential community can not be dominant due to unity of caste.

Economical : Mainly the agricultural labour from Rajbhar community have bought the land of forward community which are situated beside the village, by doing work from outside of village and other city. But this number and land are very less. Large number is doing divisional agriculture and daily wages labour in city or out of city for their livelihood.

Political : After remaining supporter of B.J.P. for long time, the people have given their full support to stand Bharatiya Samaj with strength. So people are the supporter of Bharatiya Samaj Party.
In village Politics there are two groups, one is large and other is small, there is communication in these groups but there are no meaningful agreements.

Kuwar (Badagoan Block)

Social: In the village of population more than 3000, there are Thakur (25 family) Muslim (100 family) Bania (150 family) Khatik (Sonkar) (30 family) and other community. There are Nut and Mushar and there are two VOP committees between these two communities.
Thakur, Muslim, Sonkar and Bania community have main role in this village. Mainly Nut and Mushar community are most deprived community who have been located on the starting and ending point of village. There is continue fear of being destruction of house in Mushar community because it is surrounded with ponds from three sides.
The same way, there are continuing contention among Nut and Thakur family due to location of Nut community on the other end beside the houses and land of Thakur.
The disputes continues in Nut and Mushar community for non allotment of land through lease under Bhu-Dan. Economically the Nut are very weak. They earn their livelihood through begging along with other different little sources like catching snake dancing in marriage, beating band, selling decorating things, daily wages labour, etc. Their livelihood is being carried temporarily. There are engulfed in jaws of debt at the time of sickness, marriage, death and other like situation.
Mushar family mainly earn their livelihood through daily wages labour in which, the main work are making shape of brick on brick klin, work of pulling tricycle (Sagari), work of kneaded mud. The forward of village are land owner, they earn their livelihood from agriculture. Apart from this they have other strong business.

Political : Vaishaya community support B.J.P. with farward community and Nut, Sonkar, support B.J.P. in the pressure of forward community. In the village politics caste system, individualism, and feudal tendency is dominant.

Situation Analysis - Chiraigoan Working Area

Sarai Mohana (Chiraigoan Block) : Sarai mohana village is committee distributed among Dalits and Fisherman. There are 75% Fisherman family and 25% Dalit family. The main business of this village is catching fish. Selling fish and weaving Banarasi Saree. But today these livelihood means came to an end, and people started to work in city and women also started to sell fish out side of village. The children of all family of village have been annexed with primary school. Children of some family are still far from education. Still today people are not aware of government scheme and food security scheme. There is bad effect on the health of people due to polluted water of Ganga from western and southern end of village. Up to 80% people are suffering from T.B. , skin disease and deformity. There is discrimination, difference in men and women in the village. No understanding of citizen right has been developed in village.

Singhwar (Chiraigoan Block) : There are three VOP village committees among Fisherman and Dalit community in Singhwar village situated under Chiraigoan Block. The livelihood means of this villager are digging sand and agriculture labour. Men are doing working of knead mud in city. Unavailability of wages, non-vaccination, non registration of birth, not annexing the labours with NAREGA, are the main problems of village. The other things are that the community has no knowledge of governmental scheme. The problem of potable water is still continued. There is other problem like, deprivation of children from education and worst economic conditions in flood season.

Rajapur (Chiraigoan Block) : There is one VOP village committee in Rajapur situated under Chiraigoan block. There are Fisherman Rajbhar and Yadav community in this village. Main livelihood of the village is agricultural labour, weaving, selling of fish and vegetables. People are deprived from health services. There is one Aanganbadi center which is far from the locality. There is no primary school in village. There is problem of Potable water. People are not able to analyze their problem. The means of livelihood came to an end due to finishing of weaving.

Situation Analysis (City Slum Locality-Chiraigoan Working Area)
Dharkar Basti-Hukulgang, Doshipura (Dhobia Pokhari), Nai Basti (Hukulganj), Sarang Talab.

1. Dharkar Basti (City Locality - Chiraigown Working Area)
There is the Dharkar Basti (locality) in Hukulganj beside the road. People are living here from their 4th generation. The main livelihood means of this place are – making bamboo fan, basket, carpet, articles of marriagte, dummy etc. 45 People are living in 8 families. When their business become slow, they do the work of beating band, pulling rickshaws etc.
Children are not getting health facilities along with violation of their fundamental right. Due to development of understanding on the point of registration, they started to register the birth of their children. All children have right to get health facilities under article 24. effort should be made to remove disease and malnourishment after taking into consideration the dangers of environment pollution. Health fecilities should be available and ensured for all the children, which is not done. After a lot of pressure, ANM is coming there and doing vaccination. Across the other side of road there is Aangtanbadi centre. The children of Dharkar Basti do not go to Aanganbadi because the worker of Aanganbadi drive away the children and say that you are very dirty.
Children are deprived of right to education under article 28. All are deprived from potable water, house, electricity, toilet, drainage, way, education and other facilities. Due to compliance of organization and pressure, 6 white and 2 red ration cards have been made in Dharkar Basti.
There is serious effect of pollution due to location near to road. This is more dangerous for pregnant women and infant baby Identity card of community have made after the compliance of organization. Police exploitation is happening day by day. They are compelled to live disregardful life due to low caste. There is continuous danger of accident due to situation at road side and in rainy season their houses are filled with water because the roads are higher in comparison to their houses.
There on government hand pump across the road. Whole Dharkar and Dalit Basti are dependent on that hand pump. Due to which they have to wait for hours to take water.

Children : The children do work with their parents, to rub away bamboo, bring things from market, filling water, cooking, washing utensil, looking after children, cleaning the house, are the main work of children. Along with this children sell the fan made with bamboo.
Women: Along with domestic work, the women cooperate with men to improve the financial condition of family. They made the article with bamboo and sell it.

Work of Men : Since the main livelihood source of this community the article made up with bamboo and this community is situated in city, so man bring the bamboo from distant area, and they also sell these article.

2. Doshipura (City Locality-Chiraigown Working Area)

Caste : Rajbhar, Dom, Sonkar, Chamar.

Locality : It is located in front of water tank near railway line. People are living in hut. There are 28 families. The wall is made up of mud and roof of plastic sheet in hut. The accident always takes place due to situated near railway line. Animal, cow, buffalo are cut at railway line. Apart from this woman, children and men are also the prey of accident. Their main business is pulling rickshaw, pushing barrow, carrying debris, selling of broken articles etc. and women also do domestic work by going outside. Only one hand pump is there for potable water. There is no arrangement of sewage. The primary school is situated 2 Km far from this locality. On one side there is railway line and other side there is G.T. road. So due to apprehension of accident children do not go to school. There is no Aanganbadi. Due to compliance of organization, 6 red and 7 yellow ration cards have been made.

Children: The vaccination of children has been started. Children are deprived of education. There is child labour. Now registration has been started due to knowledge of registration. ANM was taking Rs 10/ in the name of vaccination, which has been protested.

Women: after performing their domestic work, they wash utensil and cook in other houses (maid servant), make bangle with beads, animal husbandry, (like, Cow, Buffalo, Goat, Hen, Cock etc). Apart from these they also make up cow dung cake by picking cow dung from distant area.

Men : pulling trolley, selling balloon, repairing vehicle, painting, daily wage labour. In which there is low wages but hard labour.

3. Sarang Talab (City Locality-Chiraigown Working Area)
Caste: Sonkar, Prajapati, Rajbhar, Chamar, Yadav.

Locality: There is no arrangement of potable water. There is no BPL card, no arrangement of education.
Children: Are deprived from registration, vaccination. They are child labour.

Women: washing utensil, making cow dung cake. Decorating sarree with sitara. Making incense stick, making chain with beads, selling vegetables and other domestic work.

Men: pulling rickshaw, weaving saree, and daily wages labour.

4. Nai Basti Hukulganj (City Locality-Chiraigown Working Area)

Caste: Sonkar, Prajapati, Yadav, Chamar, Gond, Rajbhar, Vishwakarma, Patel etc.

Location: It is dense locality situated near city. Most of the people live in rental house. There is no arrangement of electricity, water, toilet, ration card; school etc. There is no arrangement of house. There is no play ground to play for children.

Children: Children are not associated with education. No registration and vaccination are taking place. Children are child labour. Childe labour are engaged in dalmot company, repairing cycle, selling balloon, making chain with beads, decorating saree with sitara etc.

Women: apart from domestic work they used to wash utensil of other houses, making chair with beads, jute work etc.

Men : pulling rickshaw, weaving saree, daily wages labour, selling peanuts etc.

5. Baghwanala (City Locality – Chiraigoan Working Area)

Baghwanala is slum area which is situaled in the mid of residential area of city. Mainly Rajbhar community live here. The main livelihood of this place is weaving, but due to gradual decrease in weaving, people work for pulling rickshaw selling vegetables , doing labour, carrying debris. Due to worsening economic condition women and children also work like –making incense stick, to rub away gram, maid servant etc. Here is no primary school, so the children could not be annexed with main stream. Children are annexed with education with informal centre conducted by PVCHR. Apart from this they also perform their domestic work. Due to strength of organization in Baghwanala gradually there is some changing such as – ration card of all have been made, free vaccination at the centre and date fixed by ANM, opening of Aanganbadi, opening of child labour school, construction of road and sewer, making of weaver health insurance card, hundred percent registration, interaction with member of municipal corporation, interaction with worker of Aanganbadi, etc. Changes have taken place. Women and children are playing the role of leadership because men go for daily labour, so they could not get time. The political understanding of people have been developed, because first time people gave vote irrespective of their community prior to election people raise a signature campaign on a declaration and the candidate who have signed on this declaration, the people made him won.

Situation Analysis Weaver Working Area

Bazardiha City Area : The population of this area is 5000. Approximately 80% are weaver. The main problem of this area is lack of livelihood caused by finishing of weaving. There is also the problem of potable water and drainage. The health department has no access in this area. They could not avail the facility of health and sanitation. Aanganbadi and Balbadi are situated only in Hindu locality. It is very far for the children. Due to which people do not send their children. They send their children to Madrasa. Communal fanaticism and the difference between men and women is seen every where. The interaction with member of municipal corporation has been improved, the access of public is started. Weavers identify card and Gandhi Insurance Scheme benefited weaver. New red ration card has been made in less number. However the actual beneficiary has got weaver health card and Antyodaya and B.P.L. Card. Still today many weavers are deprived of weaver health card, Antyodaya and B.P.L.

Siwala Gaurigang City Area : This area is situated in the mid of the city. Its population is 80000. apart from general caste, weaver and artisan also live here. Surrounding them there are Gaddidar who belong to Muslim community. There is serious danger of livelihood due to fall in weaving. At present the weaver family is doing embroidery work such as stitching tikki (a round circular piece). Men bring the work of embroidery. The affect of this is on the traditional embroidery, because due to less weaving work, they are ready to do the embroidery work at very less price so the wages of traditional artisan became less due to competition. The impact of which is very depth on their daily life. They have to face many problem such as health, nutrition, education. For example they get Rs 20-25 at the place of Rs 80/-. Since there is no quality education in primary school, people send their children to private school. Communal harmony exists. Political awareness has been increased.

Lohta : This is the Gram Sabha of Kashi Vidyapith Block. It is also muslim weaver populated area. The population of Dhamaria is 8000. Basic facilities are in very worse condition. But its understanding and demand in community have increased. Economic situation is very weak. Due to which people started the work of weaver, pulling rickshaw, tea-beetle, puri-Pakodi, shop, knead mud and cleaning. The women and children of weaver are stitching tikki (circular piece of cloths etc) on saree and salwar kurta. They got Rs 20-25. One or two weaver associated with NAREGA. There is wrath of T.B. in older and malnourishment in children. Women are also prey. Health centre are not active. Doctors do not sit regularly. Children (Fariqui community) are very influential in this area. Whose effect is on every scheme, facilities and politics.

Dhannipur Nai Basti :
This Gram Sabha is under Bhatti. The effect of falling in work is that there in no good selling of tea-beetle due to change of profession, because the buying capacity of people becoming less. There is the condition of malnutrition. Village head is very influential. The actual beneficiary has no access on scheme. There is lot of corruption and cheating. There is the collection of greedy and broker type people surrounding the village head. Communal harmony is maintained. Hindu and Muslim are struggling collectively to access on resources. The village head is very influential and block head Chakkan Mourya have term with anarchical, and maintain continuous irregularity in distribution of article.

Lallapura (City Area): Lallapura is special area of embroidery work situated in the mid of city. It is also a Muslim populated area. However, basically it is a very old area of the city, which appears developed from outside but in the inner part of street the narrowness and neutrality of administration can be seen clearly. Weaver has no ration card, voter identity card and weaver card;. Hardly the Municipal Corporation does the work of sanitation, whose impact is on the health of weaver. The work of embroidery is done on the batch of army of different countries (Germany, Switzerland, USA), Cap of Pope, dress. The broker who brings the work for workmen, they take the margin so the workmen can not find proper wages. So the economic problems remain constant. They are compelled to do the work at fewer wages. Where as the bigger become richer due to management of resource. The lack of raw material and selling of prepared material are the solution of this problem.

Situation Analysis (Harhua Block)
(Social, Economical, Political, Cultural)

Village Shivrampur (Harhua Block)

In Shivrampur village block Harhua in Varanasi district Hindu and Muslim people are living. Where around each caste of Hindu is residing and differs in population. Shirampur is dominated by backward caste and followed by Dalits. In village backward caste Patel, Maurya and Chauhan have small piece lands. Kshatriya is identified as Zamindar of the village. Remaining 90 percent Dalits and extreme backward caste are landless and are involved in various types of daily wages. Five year back in the village the most of the family manage their needs through weaving. Women work in the house of Zamindar and in the field they work as an agricultural labour. Their wages are less than the male labour. In village feudal are doing caste violation and marginalizing them from social, economical, political, cultural rights. Earlier in village Muslims, dalits did have understanding about immunization, birth registration certificate and now they understand their rights. They perceptive developed about PDS and education and people are adjoins with their rights. Shivrampur village in Harhua village is model village in many aspects. At present Sheela Devi wife of Shyam Ji is village head, she belongs to schedule caste. She is wife of former village head and she again elected in general seat of election because of work done by her.

After long struggle 100 percent immunization, 100 percent birth registration, 100 percent enrollment in school. First time in Varanasi mid day meal starts in this village. 2 primary school, 1 middle school and there are many other school nearby village. The numbers of dalits are more in the village. Village head and Panchayat member are giving priority to the personal benefit and however in front of organization effort they personal benefit are less active. Block head is permanent resident of same village. The livelihood opportunities are in terrible condition. As every where farming is suffering from awful condition and like that plight of the weaving livelihood in the village. They are getting few days work after implementation of NREGA and which is not a permanent measure. 13 village committee of VOP are actively working. People are unite on the theme and are struggling together.

Village Sabha Aura (Harhua block)
Aura is Dalits dominated area where more than 60 percent Chamar are living. They are landless. The main demands of social security are housing, drainage system, road, electricity. The progress of Dalits is interrupted with the evils and blind faith. They did not take help of the Brahmins and they keep the time of marriage in calendar following Hindu months. After plight of weaving industry they are working as labour. There is no availability of ration card to each poor family. Again their hope enlighten with NREGA. Health and education is not according to the time. Political desire increase and self respect increase toward their caste. In election cent percent voting was done in election. Now they are stating their talks without any hesitation.

Village Sabha Puwari Khurd (Harhua block):

In puwari khurd many caste people like Brahmin, Thakur, Prajapati, Viswakarma, Mushar, Muslims, Rajbhar, Nats and chamar are residing. Dalits are landless, they work as a labour. Poor are more in populance and however they are having less ration card. Only there are 45 Antodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) Card and 73 BPL card. Many poor families are marginalized from ration card. The problem of housing, toilet and road and pension are still their. In village one Government and two private schools are giving the work of the education. There are three anganwadis and ANM are regularly immunizing. They are celebrating their festivals and marriages according to their customs. Dalits are not having Government jobs. Wages are the mainstream of their life. Some are getting 100 wages under NREGA. Dalits are now having interest in poltical parties and they are getting knowledge of political parties.

Village Sabha Murdaha (Harhua block):

In Murdaha village each caste people are residing. Dalits are landless, labour is only source of income to them. In village there are three anganwadis, three Asha, one primary school and one middle school is giving service. The distribution of ration card is satisfactory. The main importance is of housing, toilet, handpump, pavement and pension, drainage system. The marriage ceremonies of young couple are performed at the age of 18 and they are taking benefit of marriage contribution. Alteration in condition of educational, dalits children are actively participating in the cultural program. Dalits are now having interest in poltical parties and they are getting knowledge of political parties and understanding politics

Village Bhathauli (Harhua block)

Bhaithauli village sabha is under Harhua block where till no polling done for the village head and ward member. However this area is dominated by the thakur caste. Some influenced people of the village who are supported by the village head and members and other public supports them. All time election is done without any protest. At present village head is of upper caste and earlier one Sc women elected with out any protest with the support of thakur as seat was reserved for Sc. However register, seal and other things was with kept with thakur. In this village dalit and Muslim landless labour are living. They are working on the field of upper caste people on the basic of contribution. Few people migrates city for work. The dalits and Muslim are encircled with the field of upper caste people. Every time they are feared and in pressure as they have to use upper caste people field for their way, toilet and drainage. Dalits and minority community are deprived from basic needs like ICDS (Anganbadi) centres, health facilities, ration cards, ration, land, house pension etc. Some Dalits are linked with the upper caste people so they are not being organized and united. Advocacy is started for individual’s interest in the community along with also the advocacy for such issues, which is not directly connected to local administration, village head (Pradhan) Gram Panchayat, as for example, Vaccination by ANM etc. The children of Dalit go to study to primary school Ahirouli, because children are facing diserimination in Primary school Bhathouli.

Aayer village (Harhuaa Block)
The population of Aayer village under Harhuaa Block is approximately 5000. From last many there is the possession of one family on the seat of village head. Prior to this the women member of this family was village head and her son looked after her work. There is no access of deprived, Dalit on public property. The public has not given any knowledge about governmental facilities and scheme, as it is not done by responsible person in every village. Cheating is being committed in MDM, vaccination, Janani Suraksha Scheme. But it has become less due to collective protest of public. The member of village panchayat has fighter collectively against discrimination, corruption and cheating for their resources. Due to which the work of digging pond Construction of road etc. have been done. Dalit community specially women have been united In Mushar community, first time their children have annexed with the procedure of vaccination birth registration. The demand related with housing, pension. Hand pump have been completed after long struggle. Prior to this, to gain these benefit illegal money was made. Which have been completely stopped. Forward who stopped the access of poor toward these resources so that they can not be strengthen. But their influences became less because the organization and Panchayat member became strong. The deprived communities used the RTI and complain to BDO for livelihood. They do knead mud etc work.

Situation Analysis (Pindra Block)
(Social, Cultural, Economic and Political)

Village Pindra (Block Pindra)
Social situation : Dalit and backward are in majority. All community of Hindu and Muslim live in the village of population greater than 15000. There are 2200 Dalit vote. In Dalit there are Hindu as well as muslim. Apart from Mushar, Dharkar, Shekh Hasiki, Fakir, Dhobi, Khatik, Gond, Chamar. There are other community. In backward apart from Yadav, there are Kurmi, Kahar, Teli, Gupta, Bania, Nau, Rajbhar, Pal community. In same way, in forward there are Rajput, Brahmin, Pathan, Bhumihar, Lala.

Economic Condition : Rajput class is supreme here. Most property of Gram sabha are under the possession of this class. The buildings of influential in city are being constructed in village. The capital from black money of mafia can be seen here easily. The appearance of house does not indicate that they are like a breaking of feudal like other places. The grand building has been made up within 2-4 years. There are hundred bighas land of ex village head Vibhuti Singh and his relatives. A large mango garden in M.P., Vegetable agency in Kolkata, two cold storage in village, two Inter College for each, and half market and all bank are their tenants. There are many vehicle and brick klin. In same way there are other people who get money without work. Starting from school mafia to technical education, all are available here. For security point, it is the shelter for out side criminal. Beside Rajetara Dalit (Chamar), there is locality of Lala. There is big administrative and judicial officer in this area. Most of them are retired or they are at the Position of retirement. Their living is more in city in comparison to village. Due to subside from the village production, their land has been taken away. After new capital, Yadav also made their group. Apart from traditional work they made their relation with other source of income. Some Pathan also earned. In spite of large number, Kurmi remain only voter due to non availability of power protection. In spite of small land they earn good income from commercial agriculture. Pal community is also following the same. Rajbha, Kahar, Kohar are labour. The Kohar have the problem of clay for making pot. Their profession is under pressure of market. In Dalit except Chamar, the confidence of all community is broken. Where Mushar is nomadic, on the other hand Dharkar are scavenger. There is danger over Dhobi profession, market of basket,bowl,plate (Dona Pattal, Dalia, Mounia) are tending towards end. Dharkar are not getting bamboo.

Gawn Samaj and Forest Department: there is lot of public assets in this village. There are forest department up to the area of 38 acres on the other hand there is large number of ponds and superfluous land of Gawn Samaj. Due to feudal outlook of self governance these resources can not be utilize in favor of poor. Kurmi farmer have possession over forest department. No characteristics of forest is available here.

Political situation : The mafia of Banaras fix the politics of Pindra Gram Sabha. From the last 45 year only one family of Vibhuti Singh has possession ovrer Gram Sabha. Recently from 10 year the mafia Raj Kumar and Sijjan Yadav has taken possession. They have passed out from the school of Vibhuti Singh, but they are more berber than Vibhuti Singh. Whether it is communist Udal or today’s BJP M.L.A. Ajay Rai, all of them have favored feudal mafia. Almost backward and dalit face bad condition and they are being grinded from both ends. The meaniful election is at lowest point. Due to Tahsil Gawn Sabha, the mafias from other Gawn Sabha come here. Who design conspiracy against democratic strength. In spite of being the centre of administration, this village is the most victim of negligence. Where on one hand student do not get scholarship, on the other hand no mid day meal and dress are distributed in primary school. ANM and worker of Aanganbadi do not come regularly and primary health centre Pindra remains in the control of mafia village head. There are many matter related with malnourishment. The infant and his mother die in lack of medicine and treatment. Numerous cases related to Diarrhea came here in this year, there is the lack of electricity, water, way. In dalit locality the problem of clean toilet and housing also exist here. Large scales of cheating have taken place in ration card. In the village of feudal back ground the number of landles people is very high which demand for strong political will power.

Cultural Situation : Comparatively there is less bondage of religious ceremony in backword and dalit. In companisian to chamar other dalit are the prey of evil spirit and superstitions. Religion is not dominant here. The Ajay Rai of BJP wins not on religious factor but on vote management. There is a relation between Hindu Dalit and Muslim dalit on the status of production. In spite of this marriage and tradition are performed within same community. There is saperation between Chamar and other dalit. The inclination of Chamar are towards forward and government, in same way a great portion consider labour dalit to their natural component. There is folk cultural in Mushar, Gond, Kahar, Dharkar, Dhobi. In spite of poverty and famine there is happiness among community. Due to weak union they fear from feudal and mafia. There is agent of Vibhuti and Sijjan among them, who backbite about their own people for getting protection. Except Yadav, the backward fell pressure till now. Muslim Dalits are very skilful. There is lack of transparency in Kurmi people.