Lenin Raghuvanshi, a Varanasi-based Dalit rights activist, said the government had failed to evolve a policy implementation package that would benefit large sections of the population, particularly the underprivileged. “The single most important thrust of the Mayawati government has been on symbolism. This is reflected in the building of huge commemorative structures in the name of bygone Dalit leaders such as B.R. Ambedkar and Kanshi Ram, and even living leaders like Mayawati. This brings no benefit to the lives of the downtrodden, and there is no concern for this. Even the half-hearted Dalit empowerment [initiative] that has taken place under the government is confined to Mayawati's own Chamar community, leaving communities such as Musahar, considered to be the ‘Dalitest' of Dalits, in the same socio-economic situation they were several decades ago.” Raghuvanshi said the cartels and vested interests referred to in studies such as the one done by the ORF were reported to be business partners of the BSP leadership.